Congratulations to our authors, reviewers and editors across all Neuroscience journals — for accelerating new knowledge and solutions, and helping everyone to live great lives on a healthy planet. Methods: In a cross-sectional study male heterosexual IDUs were sampled from streets of eight different geographical parts of Iran. Variables such as socio-demographics, HIV knowledge 10 items , and HIV attitude 16 items were entered to a logistic regression to determine the predictors of unprotected anal intercourse during the past month. Results: From all, HIV knowledge was not significantly different among IDUs with and without unprotected anal intercourse.
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By Larry Getlen. To live in Tehran, writes British-Iranian journalist Ramita Navai in this collection of true stories, requires one essential skill: lying. Each focuses on an individual, but Navai uses these personal stories to observe how people live, love and survive in a society ruled by fundamentalists. When the conservative Somayeh met her year-old cousin Amir-Ali, a well-built young man with a surgically perfected nose according to Navai, plastic surgery is remarkably common in Tehran , the attraction was instant and mutual. He said that he was, and a wedding was planned. Some even offered magic spells at premium rates.
Diphallus is a rare anomaly and accompanying anomalies vary from bifid scrotum, bladder exstrophy, imperforate anus and colo-rectal anomaly such as duplication, and other associated anomalies. A 2-day old infant is reported with imperforate anus and complete duplication of recto-sigmoid colon, rectal pouch, doubling of the genitalia with completely formed penis diphallus , double bladder, urethra and hypospadias. No family history of abnormalities was noted. The patient underwent several operations: laparatory and colostomy at 3rd day of life, and after clinical and paraclinical investigations, cystoplasty, ureteral reimplantation and resection of left phallus were carried out when 4 months old. At the age of 1 year, after colostogram and total colon evaluation, laparatomy, resection of duplicated recto-sigmoid colon, and pull-through was carried out; 3 months later colostomy closure was performed and the patient discharged without complications. The patients with diphallus have to be examined carefully because of the high incidence of other systemic anomalies. Treatment of diphallus usually includes excision of the duplicated penile structure, its urethra, and repair of associated anomalies. Duplications of the digestive tract are uncommon [ 1 , 2 ].